Differences in Palliative vs. Hospice Care
There are differences between Palliative Care and Hospice Care … and yet, there is a relationship between the two.
By definition, Palliative Care focuses on relieving symptoms that are related to chronic illnesses, such as cancer, cardiac disease, respiratory disease, kidney failure, Alzheimer’s and other dementias, AIDS, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and other neurological diseases.
Palliative Care can be used at any stage of illness — not just the advanced stages.
Hospice Care is palliative by nature. The illness, however, has progressed to a point where curative treatment is no longer desired or beneficial. Hospice Care supports the patient and their families while focusing on relieving symptoms and offering comfort from pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, nausea, anxiety, insomnia, constipation, etc.
Treatments are not limited with Palliative Care and can range from conservative to aggressive/curative.
Hospice Care treatments are limited and focus on palliation of symptoms. The goal is no longer to cure, but to promote comfort.
Palliative Care can be considered at anytime during the course of a chronic illness.
With Hospice Care, Medicare requires that a physician certify that a patient’s condition is terminal. The physician must certify that a patient’s life expectancy is six months or less.
Place of Treatment:
Both Palliative and Hospice Care can be delivered at any location.
Differences in Types of Services:
Palliative Care services are typically provided through regular physician and nursing visits.
Hospice Care services are more inclusive than Palliative Care services. Hospice Care includes physician services, nursing services, social worker, spiritual care, bereavement care and volunteers. In some cases physical, occupational, speech and dietary therapy services, as well as other counselling services deemed necessary as part of the Hospice Holistic Care Plan to manage terminal symptoms and provide support for the individual and their family.
Most patients receive care under one of the following four levels of hospice care:
- Level 1: Routine Home Care
Patient receives hospice care at the place of residence.
- Level 2: Continuous Home Care
Patient receives hospice care consisting primarily of licensed nursing care on a continuous basis at home.
- Level 3: General Inpatient Care
Patient receives general inpatient care in an inpatient facility for pain control or acute or complex symptom management that cannot be managed in other settings.
- Level 4: Inpatient Respite Care
Patient receives care in an approved facility on a short-term basis in order to provide respite for the caregiver.